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Annual Congress on Vaccine Immunology & HIV/AIDS, will be organized around the theme “ HIV Vaccine Development: Immunological and Biological Challenges ”

Vaccine Immunology 2019 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Vaccine Immunology 2019

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\r\n Vaccine is a biological preparation that improves immunity to particular disease. It contains certain agent that not only resembles a disease causing microorganism but it also stimulates body’s immune system to recognise the foreign agents. Vaccinology describes vaccine development and how the immune system retorts to vaccines, but also includes ongoing evaluation of immunization programs, vaccine safety and effectiveness, as well as surveillance of the epidemiology of vaccine-preventable diseases.

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\r\n HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus that damages the immune system. Untreated HIV contaminates and murders CD4 cells, which are a sort of immune cells called T cells. After some time, as HIV kills more CD4 cells, the body is bound to get different sorts of diseases and malignant growths. HIV is transmitted through organic liquids that incorporate blood, semen, vaginal and rectal liquids, and breast milk. The infection doesn't spread in air or water, or through easygoing contact. HIV is a lifelong condition and right now there is no fix.

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\r\n The most important breakthroughs of the past century involved the development of vaccines to protect against viruses: smallpox, polio, hepatitis, human papillomavirus (HPV), and even chickenpox. But one virus remains elusive to those seeking to create a vaccine to guard against it: HIV. Getting vaccinated early, before sexual exposure, is also effective in preventing certain types of STIs. Vaccines are available to prevent human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis A and hepatitis B.

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\r\n Immunology is the study of the immune system. The immune system is how all animals, including humans, protect themselves against diseases. The study of diseases caused by disorders of the immune system is clinical immunology.

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\r\n Patients with immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMID) such as RA, IBD or psoriasis, are at increased risk of infection, partially because of the disease itself, but mostly because of treatment with immune-modulatory or immunosuppressive drugs. In spite of their elevated risk for vaccine-preventable disease, vaccination coverage in IMID patients is surprisingly low. Although the reduced quality of the immune response in patients under immunotherapy may have a negative impact on vaccination efficacy in this population, adequate humoral response to vaccination in IMID patients has been demonstrated for Hepatitis B, Influenza and Pneumococcal vaccination

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\r\n Antibodies that should be regulated to people amid the youth phase of life can be named as Child immunizations. These immunizations are basically in charge of the enlistment of a safe framework and advancement of immunogenic reaction inside the tyke. The sicknesses avoided by the new born child and youth antibodies are not kidding and even fatal. Measles can spread to the cerebrum, cause mental harm and demise. Mumps can cause lasting deafness. Polio can cause loss of motion. Unfortunately, these illnesses have not vanished. There is no treatment and no solution for maladies like measles, polio, and tetanus. The best way to ensure your youngster is through immunization.

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\r\n Infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis(TB), malaria, poliomyelitis, and some others tropical diseases (NTDs) are rapidly spread out through communication(verbal), water, and wind. It also transmitted by vectors (mosquitoes, flies) and a major issue in developing countries. In the past, infectious diseases had been widely spread-out in developing countries and chronic diseases were found primarily in high-income countries. However, the global pattern of disease burden is shifting. While infectious disease still remains a major problem in many countries, chronic diseases, including such non-communicable conditions as cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, and respiratory disease, are now the major cause of death and disability, not only in developed countries but also worldwide. The greatest total numbers of chronic diseases (Alzheimer, Arthritis, Asthma, Cancer, COPD, Crohn disease, Cystic fibrosis, Diabetes) deaths and illnesses now occur in up-growing countries.

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\r\n Viruses are firmly immunogenic and actuate two sorts of resistant reactions; humoral and cellular. The collection of specificities of T and B cells are framed by modifications and substantial transformations. T and B cells don't, for the most part, perceive similar epitopes present on a similar infection. B cells see the free unaltered proteins in their local 3-D adaptation though T cells typically observe the Ag in a denatured frame related to MHC atoms. The qualities of the resistant response to a similar infection may vary in various people contingent upon their hereditary constitutions.

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\r\n Cancer immunology is an area of immunology that studies relations between the immune system and cancer cells. It is a field of research that objects to discover cancer immunotherapies to treat and retard progression of the disease. The immune system is the body’s first line of defense against most diseases and infectious invaders. Tumor Immunobiology the immune system can promote the elimination of tumours, but often immune responses are modulated or suppressed by the tumour microenvironment. The Tumour microenvironment is an important aspect of cancer biology that contributes to tumour initiation, tumour progression and responses to therapy.

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\r\n Immunopathology is a branch of medicine that deals with immune responses associated with the disease. It incorporates the investigation of the pathology of a life form, organ framework, or ailment concerning the insusceptible framework, invulnerability, and resistant reactions. In science, it alludes to the harm caused to a creature by its own resistant reaction, because of contamination. Two decades of clinical involvement with immunomodulatory medicines for various sclerosis points to unmistakable immunological pathways that drive ailment backslides and movement. Immunopathology could allude to how the outside antigens cause the invulnerable framework to have a reaction or issues that can emerge from a living being's own particular resistant reaction on itself. There are sure issues or blames in the invulnerable framework that can prompt more genuine sickness or malady.

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